Lifetime Measurement of the Th-229 Nuclear Isomer
The first excited isomeric state of Th-229 possesses the lowest energy among all known excited nuclear states. The expected energy is accessible with today’s laser technology and in principle allows for a direct optical laser excitation of the nucleus. The isomer decays via three channels to its ground state (internal conversion, γ decay, and bound internal conversion), whose strengths depend on the charge state of Th-229m. We report on the measurement of the internal-conversion decay half-life of neutral Th-229m. A half-life of 7±1 μs has been measured, which is in the range of theoretical predictions and, based on the theoretically expected lifetime of about 10,000 s of the photonic decay channel, gives further support for an internal conversion coefficient of about 10^9, thus constraining the strength of a radiative branch in the presence of internal conversion.